|Nepal at a glance
| Nepal , is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitudinal variations. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 m to above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8848m, all within a distance of 150 km resulting into climatic conditions from Sub-tropical to Arctic
Nepal- occupying only
Area: 147181 Sq Km
- 0.1 % of the total landmass of the earth- is home to:
- 2 % of the plants in the world;
- 8 % of the world's population of birds (more than 848 species);
- 4 % of mammals on earth
- 11 of the worlds 15 families of the butterflies (more than 500 species)
- 600 indigenous plant families;
- 319 species of exotic orchids
Location: Situated between China in the north and India in the South, East and West
Population: estimated 30 million
People: Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages
Language: Nepali is the national language; travel-trade people understand and speak English as well
Currency: Nepali Rupee (approximately US$ 1 equals Rs 73 as of June 2010)
Political System: Multi-Party Democracy
Religion: Predominance of Hindus followed by Buddhists population
Climate: Nepal has four major seasons, namely,1) Winter: December-February, 2) Spring: March-May, 3) Summer: June-August, 4) Autumn: September-November Mansoons are from June till mid September. Nepal can be visited the whole year round.
What to wear: Light weight Clothing is recommended for May through October. Warm garments are required in October-March. Umbrella and raincoat are essential for rainy season.
Visa formalities:- Free visa for all tourists who visit Nepal only for three days.
-Free visa for tourists of SAARC countries the People's Republic of China.
15 Day Visa: 875 Baht
30 Day Visa:1400 Baht
90 Day Visa: 3500 Baht
Visa can be obtained either on arrival in Nepal or from Nepalese Embassies, Missions and Consulates and Honorary Consulates.
One Passport size photograph is required.
For further information please refer to: Department of Immigration
|By Air:Nepal Airlines is the National Flag carrier of Nepal with flights to/from Delhi, Mumbai, Kuala Lumpur, Dubai, Bangkok, Hong Kong, Osaka, Shanghai and Singapore. Other international airlines operating from/to Kathmandu are Air Arabia (Sharjah), Air China(Lhasa), Biman Bangladeah(Dhaka), China Sourthern Airlines(Guanzhou), Cosmic Air(Delhi, Vanarasi), Dragon Air(Hong Kong), Druk Air(Delhi, Paro), Etihad Airway(Abu Dhabi), GMG Airlines(Dhaka), Flyyeti.com(Sharjah, Abu Dhabi, Kuala Lumpur), Gulf Air(Bahrain, Muscat), Hong Kong Express(Hong Kong), Indian Airlines(Delhi, Kolkotta, Varanisi), Jet Airways(Delhi), Pakistan International Airlines(Karachi), Qatar Airways(Doha), Silk Air( Singapore), Jet Lite(Delhi), Korean Air(Seoul), Thai Airways( Bangkok).
By Land:All visitors entering Nepal by land must use no other entry points than
(1) Kakarbhitta, (2)Birgunj, (3)Belhiya, Bhairahawa,(4)Jamuna, Nepalgunj,(5)Mohana, Dhangadi and(6) Gaddachwoki, Mahendra Nagar in the Nepal-India border and
(7) Tatopani, Kodari in the Nepal-China border.
The overland tourists entering the country with their vehicles must possess an international carnet or complete customs formalities.
Foreign Exchange: Foreign Currencies must be exchanged only through the banks or authorized foreign exchange dealers. The receipts from such transactions are to be obtained and retained. Visitors can exchange money at the foreign exchange counter at the airport upon arrival also.
All baggages must be declared and cleared through the customs on arrival. Personal effects are permitted free entry. A tourist may bring in dutiable goods (including tobacco and liquors) within the prescribed quantity free of duty. Carrying narcotics, arms and ammunitions are strictly prohibited, if found are severely punishable by law. Visitors can export souvenirs to their respective countries. The export of antiques requires special certificate from the Department of Archeology, National Archive Building, Ram Shah Path, Kathmandu.
Domestic Airlines: Nepal Airlines has an extensive network of air services to major parts of the country. Besides Nepal Airlines, other domestic airlines (there are more than 18 in operation) provide regular and charter services to popular domestic destinations. Many domestic airlines operate one hour early- Morning Mountain Flights round the year.
Metered taxis are easily recognizable by the taxi sign and black number plates and can be hailed off the street. Micro buses and Battery run EV tempos cheaper than taxis are also available. No tip is expected. There are regular bus services within the three cities of the Kathmandu Valley operating from Ratna Park and Old Bus Terminal .Similarly, scheduled bus services for outside the valley operate from the Gongabu Bus Terminal .In addition, one can also hire mountain or motor bikes at nominal rates.
Nepal has every category of accommodation facilities. This range from the international standard star hotels and resorts to budget hotels and lodges. In order to have an assured quality service, it is advisable to use the facilities and services of government registered hotels, lodges, travel agencies, the licensed tour guides only and engage authorized trekking guides and porters only through registered travel and trekking agency.
Few destinations in the world can match Nepal in the varities of world class experiences: be it mountaineering, trekking, mountain biking, nature tours, culture tours, pilgrim tours, white-water-rafting, canyoning (cascading), Kayaking, canoeing, mountain flights, pony trekking, jungle safaris, bird watching, fishing, hang-gliding, ultra-light aircraft ride, bungee jumping etc. In addition, Nepal has several interest tours like orchid tours, cultural trek, honey hunting, village tours, fossil hunting, and meditation courses. Shamanism-Panimism tour, Cave tours, snow leopard and blue sheep trek and many more that take place throughout the year.
Nepal is the ultimate destination for trekking enthusiast- offering a myriad of possibilities from the short and easy to the demanding challenges of the snowy peaks. Easy, moderate, or rigorous- there is something for every one. Nepal has been aptly been called "trekkers' paradise" as her terrain-mountains, hills and the terai- offers some of the most spectacular trekking routes in the world. The immense contrast in altitudes and climates found here support and equally spectacular mix of lifestyles, vegetation and wildlife. Trekking in Nepal as much a cultural experience as a Himalayan adventure. In the shadows and foothills of the icy pinnacles of the Himalayas, one passes picturesque charming villages inhabited by diverse ethnic groups. Trek varies from expeditions, high altitude treks to simple easy pace walks.
With eight of the highest peaks in the world, including Mt. Everest, it is hardly surprising that Nepal has been the stage for some of the most outstanding achievements in the world of mountaineering. The dauntless icy peaks have since decades challenged the bodies and spirits of daring mountaineers. All inquires and arrangements for expeditions have to be made well in advance at the Ministry of Culture, Tourism & Civil Aviation, Mountaineering Section, Bhrikutimandap where the guide line have been made laid down . River Rafting / Kayaking / Canyoning :
Few rafting rivers in the world can match the thundering course of the rivers of Nepal originating from the snow meltdown of the Himalayan terrain. The rivers gush through the twisted canyons, winding through calm valleys where small settlements are perched on the banks, taming out only as they spill out into the Indian plains to merge with the Ganges. A river-trip is one of the best ways to explore the typical cross-section of the country's natural as well as the ethno-cultural heritage. An extreme sport popular in Europe, canyoning is now available in Nepal. Canyoing gives you the freedom to explore some of the most ruggedly beautiful, landscapes and cliffs hidden under water.
Jungle Safari: Chitwan National Park, Bardiya National Park, Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve offer exciting safari holidays. Jungle activities include venturing into deep jungle on elephant back or four wheel drive to view wild animals in their natural habitat, canoe rides on the jungle rivers nature walks, bird watching and village tour excursions.
Village Tours: Village tours allow visitors to experience life in a typical Nepali village. This gives visitors an opportunity to observe the rich Nepali cultural tradition from the closest quarter and intermingle with the locals. Besides, any expenses made at that level directly contribute to the welfare of the local community, hence giving the visitor a sense of satisfaction. Village tours are conducted in Sirubari, Briddim, Ghalegaun, Ilam and other places.
For those who cannot withstand the rigorousness of mountain climbing there are mountain flights which fly around Mt. Everest and other summits providing close up views of the top of the world. On a clear day, the hill resorts of Dhulikhel (32 Km from Kathmandu), Nagarkot (32 Km East of Kathmandu) and Daman (80 Km Southwest of Kathmandu) afford magnificent views of Mt. Everest and the entire Himalayan range. For others Pokhara, the lake city of Nepal, provides endless opportunities for fishing and boating along Phewa Lake with majestic panoramic views of the Annapurna range in its background.
A rich natural heritage: Nepal has managed to preserve more endangered species of flora and fauna than any other area in Asia. Nepal has a network of 9 national parks, 3 wildlife reserves, 3 conservation areas, one hunting reserve including 11 buffer zones around national parks, covering a total of 19.70 % of the country's total land.
|UNESCO Natural Heritages:
Other National Parks:
- Chitwan National Park (932 Sq. Km)
- Everest National Park (1148 Sq. Km)
- Bardiya National Park (968 Sq. Km)
- Khaptad National Park (225 Sq. Km)
- Langtang National Park (1710 Sq. Km)
- Makalu-Barun National Park (2330 Sq. Km)
- Rara National Park (106 Sq. Km)
- Shey-Phoksundo National Park (3555 Sq. Km)
- Shivapuri National Park (144 Sq. Km)
- Koshi-Tappu Wildlife Reserve (176 Sq. Km)
- Parsa Wildlife Reserve (499 Sq. Km)
- Sukla Phanta Wildlife Reserve (305 Sq. Km)
- Annapurna Conservation Area: (7629 Sq. Km)
- Kanchenjunga Conservation Area: (2035 Sq. Km)
- Manaslu Conservation Area: (1663 Sq. Km)
- Dhorpatan Hunting Reserve (1325 Sq. Km))
A rich cultural heritage: Nepal offers an incomparable scope to connoisseurs of art and culture to see and study the different aspects of fine arts paintings sculpture, woodcarving and architecture. The three main historic sites of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur with numerous historical monuments, old palaces and palace squares, shrines, and temples, ageless traditions and legends make it a veritable living museum. The Kathmandu Valley has seven UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Monuments all within a radius of 20 km. Lumbini, the birth place of Lord Buddha, in the South Western plains of Nepal, is another important UNESCO World Heritage Site
|Following are the links for further exploration about Nepal Tourism